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9th World Congress on Epigenetics and Chromosome, will be organized around the theme “”

Epigenetics 2022 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Epigenetics 2022

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Epigenetics is that the study of heritable changes in natural phenomenon (active versus inactive genes) i.e. an adjustment in phenotype without an adjustment in genotype. An epigenetic change is also a natural & characteristic occurrence yet can likewise be plagued by some factors including age, the environment/lifestyle, and illness state. Alternately, epigenetic change can have all the more harmful impacts which will bring illnesses, disease. Major areas of Epigenetics are

  • Track 1-1Clinical Epigenetics
  • Track 1-2Developmental Epigenetics
  • Track 1-3 Nutritional Epigenetics
  • Track 1-4Behavioral Epigenetics
  • Track 1-5 Epigenetics Alteration
  • Track 1-6 Neuronal Epigenetics
  • Track 1-7 Animal Epigenetics


Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist Cancer survival has improved due to three main components: improved prevention efforts to reduce exposure to risk factors improved screening of several cancer and improvements in treatment.The three main divisions:


  • Track 2-1Medical oncology
  • Track 2-2Surgical oncology
  • Track 2-3Radiation oncology


A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain There are two main types of tumors cancerous (malignant) tumors and benign (non-cancerous) tumors Cancerous tumors can be divided into primary tumors, which start within the brain, and secondary tumors, which most commonly have spread from tumors located outside the brain, known as brain metastasis tumors All types of brain tumors may produce symptoms that vary depending on the part of the brain involvedsThe most common primary brain tumors are


  • Track 3-1Gliomas
  • Track 3-2Meningiomas
  • Track 3-3Pituitary adenomas
  • Track 3-4Nerve sheath tumors


The recent development of high-throughput technologies has led to an explosion of biological data and has enabled mining biomarkers and drug targets in a more systematic way. Bioinformatic and biostatistical approaches are skilled at dealing with large data sets and therefore widely used in mining disease biomarkers and drug targets in this “omic” era


  • Track 4-1Clinical material
  • Track 4-2ACPA-positive healthy
  • Track 4-3Sampling and DNA extraction
  • Track 4-4DNA preparation and CHARM


By the tip of the last century, it absolutely was known that DNA by itself doesn't determine all characteristics of an organism, including humans. The environment, stress one perceives, and nutrition, to call some, play a big part in determining the response of an organism, the utmost amount because the DNA itself. Thus, it's known now that both nature and nurture play equally important roles within the responses observed both at the cellular and organism levels.


  • Track 5-1Nutritional
  • Track 5-2Tobacco Smoke
  • Track 5-3Physical Activity
  • Track 5-4Alcohol
  • Track 5-5Pollutans
  • Track 5-6Emotional


Gene mapping describes the methods used to identify the locus of a gene and the distances between genes Gene mapping can also describe the distances between different sites within a gene. The essence of all genome mapping is to place a collection of molecular markers onto their respective positions on the genome.


  • Track 6-1Genome mapping
  • Track 6-2Genetic mapping
  • Track 6-3In gene mapping
  • Track 6-4Physical mapping


Ranges of epigenetic idea affect our genetic programme. The inter-generational transmission of epigenetic marks is supposed to manage via four principal means dramatically differ in their information content: DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNAs and nucleosome positioning.


  • Track 7-1Role in gametogenesis
  • Track 7-2Role in embryogenesis
  • Track 7-3Role in infertility
  • Track 7-4Role in assisted reproductive technology
  • Track 7-5Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance


Although brain tumours are rare compared with other malignancies, they are responsible, in many cases, for severe physical and cognitive disability and have a high case fatality rate. The diagnosis is made by a combination of imaging and histological examination of tumour specimen. Contrast-enhanced MRI is the gold standard imaging modality and provides highly sensitive anatomical information about the tumour.



 


  • Track 8-1Pilocytic astrocytoma
  • Track 8-2Pilomxoid astrocytoma
  • Track 8-3Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
  • Track 8-4Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma

Genome editing is a method that lets scientists change the DNA of many organisms, including plants, bacteria, and animals. Editing DNA can lead to changes in physical traits, like eye color, and disease risk. Scientists use different technologies to do this. The first genome editing technologies were developed in the late 1900s. More recently, a new genome editing tool called CRISPR, invented in 2009,

  • Track 9-1Genome engineering
  • Track 9-2General principles
  • Track 9-3Homology directed
  • Track 9-4Non homologous end joining


A primary transcript is the single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) product synthesized by transcription of DNA, and processed to yield various mature RNA products such as mRNAs, tRNAs, and rRNAs.



 



Structural inheritance is an often-neglected form of nongenetic inheritance. This is in contrast to the transmission of digital information such as is found in DNA sequences, which accounts for the vast majority of known genetic variation. Structural inheritance was discovered by Tracy Sonneborn, and other researchers, during his study on protozoa in the late 1930.                                       .




  • Multiple Inheritance.


  • Multilevel Inheritance.


  • Single Inheritance


  • Hierarchical Inheritance.


  • Hybrid Inheritance.


  • Track 11-1Multiple Inheritance.
  • Track 11-2Multilevel Inheritance.
  • Track 11-3Single Inheritance
  • Track 11-4Hierarchical Inheritance.
  • Track 11-5Hybrid Inheritance.


nucleosome positioning” broadly to indicate where nucleosomes are located with respect to the genomic DNA sequence. Although nucleosome positioning is a dynamic process, sequencing-based mapping approaches identify the positions of individual nucleosomes in a single cell at a specific time.


  • Track 12-1Nucleosome positioning is strongly affected byDNA sequence
  • Track 12-2Poly tracts are important for nucleosome depletion
  • Track 12-3Aspects of positioning not determined by DNA sequence


Since Mendel, studies of phenotypic variation and disease risk have emphasized associations between genotype and phenotype among affected individuals in families and populations. Although this paradigm has led to important insights into the molecular basis for many traits and diseases, most of the genetic variants that control the inheritance of these conditions continue to elude detection.



 


  • Track 13-1Enviromental influences
  • Track 13-2Genetic factors
  • Track 13-3Gene-environment interactions
  • Track 13-4Frequency, magnitude & persistence


 A nearly universal mechanism of epigenetic signalling is DNA methylation. In bacteria, DNA methylation has roles in genome defence, chromosome replication and segregation, nucleoid organization, cell cycle control, DNA repair and regulation of transcription



 


  • Track 14-1Techniques for DNA methylation detection
  • Track 14-2DNA replication initiation
  • Track 14-3Methyl-directed mismatch repair
  • Track 14-4Dam Methyltransferase in escherichia Coli


Epigenetics is changing the widely accepted linear conception of genome function by explaining how environmental and psychological factors regulate the activity of our genome without involving changes in the DNA sequence. Research has identifi ed epigenetic mechanisms mediating between environmental and psychological factors that contribute to normal and abnormal behavioral development



 


  • Track 15-1Epigenetics of psychopathology: The case of schizophrenia
  • Track 15-2The influence of social environment on the epigenome
  • Track 15-3Conceptual implications
  • Track 15-4Behavioral epigenetics: how the environment ‘gets into the mind’


Computational modeling is the use of computers to simulate and study complex systems using mathematics, physics and computer science. A computational model contains numerous variables that characterize the system being studied. Simulation is done by adjusting the variables alone or in combination and observing the outcomes. Computer modeling allows scientists to conduct thousands of simulated experiments by computer.


  • Track 16-1Modeling infectious disease spread to identify effective interventions
  • Track 16-2Tracking viral evolution during spread of infectious disease.
  • Track 16-3Transforming wireless health data into improved health and healthcare.
  • Track 16-4Human and machine learning for customized control of assistive robots.
  • Track 16-5Human and machine learning for customized control of assistive robots.


Chromatin analysis is the study of the structure or function of chromatin. Chromatin is made up of proteins (mainly histones) and genomic DNA packed inside the nuclei of eukaryotic cells; its architecture and chemical modifications affect genome structure, integrity and gene regulation Moreover, chromatin remodeling occurs during development and as the result of treatments. The assays below are used to study chromatin structure.


  • Track 17-1ChIP-chip
  • Track 17-2ChIP-Seq
  • Track 17-3ChIP-exo
  • Track 17-4ChIA-PET


Proteins control all biological systems in a cell, and while many proteins perform their functions independently, the vast majority of proteins interact with others for proper biological activity. Characterizing protein–protein interactions through methods such as co-immunoprecipitation pull-down assays, crosslinking, label transfer, and far–western blot analysis is critical to understand protein function and the biology of the cell.



Genome editing refers to an emerging branch of biotechnology that is the realization of earlier genetic engineering technologies. Using these biotechnologies researchers are able to target specific DNA sequences and induce a double stranded break, taking advantage of recombination to create synthetic genetic content in a host genome.



 


  • Track 19-1Epigenome Editing
  • Track 19-2 Artificial Transcription Factors (ATFs)
  • Track 19-3 Activating Transcription
  • Track 19-4Repressing Transcription


Massive parallel DNA sequencing (synonyms are: DNA deep sequencing | DNA high-throughput sequencing | DNA-seq) includes Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS), Whole Exome Sequencing (WES or WXS) and targeted sequencing. WGS implies sequencing of the entire DNA genome, while WES focuses on sequencing only mRNA coding regions (exons) which usually represent a very minor genome fraction (3% in humans).



 


  • Track 20-1DNA Sequencing.
  • Track 20-2RNA Sequencing.
  • Track 20-3Methylation Sequencing.

Fragment analysis is a genetic analysis method comprising a series of techniques in which DNA fragments are fluorescently labeled, separated by capillary electrophoresis (CE), and sized by comparison to an internal standard. CE-based genetic analyzers are capable of performing both Sanger sequencing and fragment analysis. In contrast to Sanger sequencing, fragment analysis can provide sizing,



 


  • Track 21-1Sensitivity
  • Track 21-2Multiplexing
  • Track 21-3Simple preparation
  • Track 21-4Easy data analysis
  • Track 21-5Independent method

Epigenetics refers to the collective heritable changes in phenotype that arise independent of genotype. Two broad areas of epigenetics are DNA methylation and histone modifications and numerous techniques have been invented to analyze epigenetic processes not only at the level of specific genes, but also to analyze epigenetic changes that occur in defined regions of the genome as well as genome-wide



 


  • Track 22-1DNA methylation
  • Track 22-2Histone modifications

The primary protein components of chromatin are histones, which bind to DNA and function as "anchors" around which the strands are wound. In general, there are three levels of chromatin organization: DNA wraps around histone proteins, forming nucleosomes and the so-called beads on a string structure (euchromatin).


  • Track 23-1Euchromatin
  • Track 23-2Heterochromatin


Epigenetics focuses on processes that regulate how and when certain genes are turned on and turned off, while epigenomics pertains to analysis of epigenetic changes across many genes in a cell or entire organism.


  • Track 24-1DNA methylation
  • Track 24-2Chromatin
  • Track 24-3Non-coding RNAs


Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are somatic cells reprogrammed into an embryonic-like pluripotent state by the expression of specific transcription factors. Despite the fact that these cells have the capacity to self-renew, they present low efficiency of reprogramming Recent studies have demonstrated that the previous somatic epigenetic signature is a limiting factor in iPSC performance.



 


  • Track 25-1Somatic cell nuclear transfer
  • Track 25-2Programming by cell fusion