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7th World Congress on Epigenetics and Chromosome, will be organized around the theme “Exceeding the Vision in the Field of Epigenetics and Molecular Biology”
Epigenetics 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Epigenetics 2020
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Epigenetics is meant by the study of heritable changes in gene function without involving the changes in DNA arrangement. It mainly involves the changes in a chromosome which affects gene activity and functions, and also be used to report any heritable Phenotypic Change which does not derive from a modification of the genome. Epigenetics defined as the study of the Epigenotype, which deals with the study of the properties of the pathways and processes that link the genotype and phenotype. A large number of diseases in humans such as Cancer, Metabolic Syndromes and Brain Disorders have been related with irregularity in epigenetic processes.
1. DNA damage
2. Covalent modification
3. Structural Inheritance
4. Nucleosome positioning
Epigenetic modifications are the cause for the disease developments, environmental exposure, drug treatment and Aging. Epigenetic changes can be reversible and are potentially targeted by Pharmacological Intervention. Epigenetic changes are the factors of human diseases, including Fragile X syndrome, Angelman’s Syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and various Cancers. About 80% of Brain Disorders are related with multiple Genomic Defects in conjunction with environmental factors and epigenetic phenomena.
1. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
2. Mitochondria diseases
5. Cardiovascular diseases
Cancer Epigenetics is consider as the study of actual heritable changes to molecular processes which influence the flow of information between the DNA of cancer cells and their Gene Expression patterns. This includes comparison between Tumor Cell and normal cell and investigation of nuclear organization, DNA Methylation, Histone Modification and the consequences of Genetic Mutations in genes encoding Epigenetic Regulators. DNA Methylation patterns undergo complex changes in cancer.
1. Histone Modification
2. MicroRNA Gene Silencing
3. Epigenetic Carcinogenic
4. Prostate Cancer
5. Cervical Cancer
Behavioral Epigenetics is referring to the study the role of Epigenetics in shaping animal and human behavior. It is an Observational Science that explores that how the nurture shapes the Biological Heredity, where nurture refers to virtually all things that occur during the life-span like social-experience, diet and nutrition, and exposure to Toxins. Behavioral epigenetics is giving a structure to know about how the expression of Genes is altered by experiences and environment for forming the differences in behaviour, Cognition, personality, and Mental Health of everyone.
1. Drug addiction
3. Depressive disorder
4. Eating disorder
5. Social behavior of insects
Epigenetic and Transgenerational Epigenetic Inheritance research are performed on a multiple number of mammal, insect, and plant. A lack of research into these topics using farm animal models (bovine, porcine, ovine, and Gallus) exists. Research into epigenetic Transgenerational Inheritance is limited because much of the work has focused on the direct effects of environmental submission to toxicants and nutrients. Pesticides are the cause of having dramatic transgenerational epigenetic effects on many of the animal models which affecting the nervous system, reproductive and Endocrine Systems, and even causing cancer.
1. Animal epigenetics welfare
2. Animal models in epigenetics research
3. Animal epigenetics examples
4. Animal cloning epigenetics
Plants are mainly depending on epigenetic processes for their proper functions. Plant Epigenomes are more susceptible to environmental influence than those in animals. Epigenetic mechanisms are required for proper regulation while Epi - Alleles and Epi - Mutants, much like their genetic complements, describe changes in Phenotype associated with distinct epigenetic circumstance. The study of epigenetics in plants is scientifically enthusiasm because epigenetics have long-standing importance in agriculture.
1. Growth and Development
2. Plant Transgenerational Epigenetics
3. Genotype and Phenotype
Cytogenetics is defined as the study of chromosomal structure, chromosome location and function in Cells. Modern cytogenetic approaches are enable to precisely label the Chromosomal Location of any gene using different Colored Dots, examine cells from any type of tissue (even Tumor cells), identify cells that have lost or gained a specific chromosome and determine whether specific regions of Chromosomes have been lost or gained without ever looking at the chromosomes under a microscope.
1. Cancer cytogenetics
3. Fluorescent in situ hybridization
5. Molecular cytogenetics
A Chromosome is a DNA Molecule in which either part or all of the genetic material is present. The condensation of Chromatin is used to form the Chromosome. Chromatin structure depends on several factors. The overall structure depends on the stage of the Cell Cycle.
1. Chromatin packaging
2. Autosomal Chromosomes
3. Sexual Chromosomes
4. Chromosomal Segregation
5. Centromere and Telomere
6. Homo and Hetero Chromosome
Medical Epigenetics provides a comprehensive study of the importance of epigenetics to health management. Medical Epigenetics is focusing on human systems, epigenetic diseases and treatments based on epigenetics-disorders and diseases. Medical epigenetics will cover all human systems relevant to Epigenetic Maladies. After the collection of genomic information and related data such as the levels of RNA, proteins and various Metabolites that are crucial factors in medical, the Genomic or personalized medicines are given to patients.
1. Methylation inhibiting drugs
2. Bromo domain and inhibitors
3. Histone Cetylase (HAT) inhibitors
4. Protein Methyl Transferase inhibitors
5. Epigenetics meets Endocrinology
6. Future Direction of Epigenetic Drugs
Epigenetic therapy is meant to use the drugs or Epigenome - influencing techniques to treat medical states. Histone Deactylases(HDACs), which modify histones, and DNA Methyltransferases(DNMTs), which methylate DNA are the two enzymes that are important in epigenetic modifications and key targets for therapy with pharmaceutical drugs. Successful clinical studies carried out for both the enzymes. Epigenetic therapy has shown a strong effectiveness against Hematological Malignancies and Solid Tumors, gaining FDA approval for cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma, ER-positive metastatic Breast Cancer, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, multiple myeloma, and peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Epigenetic Therapy has proven successful for several types of cancer, including Lung Cancer, breast cancer, and Lymphoma.
4. Cardiac dysfunction
6. Pharmacokinetics Epigenetics
Epigenetics in the Nervous System is the study of the interaction between epigenetic process, which regulates gene expression without changing the deoxyribonucleic acid sequence, and the development, Physiology and functions of the nervous system.
1. Histone Modifications in the Nervous System
2. Neurological disorders
3. Mania (Bipolar disorder)
4. Brain Disorders
Many of the computational, mathematical and statistical methods, ranging from Data Mining, sequence analysis, Molecular Interactions, to complex system-level simulations, have been reported in the literature. Efforts have been Channeled into the text mining of epigenetic information, though development in this field is still at an early stage.
1. Precision Cancer Medicine
2. Epigenome data analysis
3. Epigenome prediction
4. Bioinformatics methods
5. Cancer informatics
6. Genome browsers
The study of Epigenetic modifications on the genetic material of a cell is known as the Epigenome. The field is parallel to Genomics and proteomics, which are the study of the genome and Proteome of a cell. Epigenomic maintenance (continuous process) is having an important role in maintaining the stability of Eukaryotic Genomes by taking part in crucial biological mechanisms. The Plant Flavones are the inhibiting epigenomic marks that cause cancers.
1. Human genome
2. Human genomics project
3. Plant genomics
4. Histone modification assay
5. Pigenomics compounds
Epigenetic changes have a large number of effects on the Aging process. At various levels these epigenetic changes occur, including decreasing the levels of the Core Histones, changes in the patterns of Histone post-translational modifications and DNA methylation, substitution of Canonical Histones with Histone Variants and changes the noncoding RNA expression (during both organismal Aging and replicative senescence). The reversible nature of epigenetic information provides exciting path for Therapeutic Intervention in Aging and age-associated diseases, including Cancer.
1. Epigenetic clock
2. Epigenetic changes in aging
3. Histone modification changes during aging
4. Transgenerational epigenetic changes that affect aging
5. DNA methylation changes during aging
Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance is the transfer of information in organisms from parents to child that affects the characteristics of future generation without altering of the primary structure of DNA that is epigenetically. The term "Epigenetic Inheritance" may be used to describe information transfer in both the between cell and cell or organism and organism in organisms. Although in Unicellular Organisms these two levels of epigenetic inheritance are equivalent, they may have distinct mechanisms and evolutionary distinctions in Multicellular Organisms.
1. Deleterious effects
2. Putatively adaptive effects
3. Inheritance of epigenetic marks
1. Genetic diversity
2. Genetic variation
3. Genetic Drift
4. Chromosomal evolution in the Solanaceae
5. Migration and Mutation
Epigenetic mechanisms of Pathological Process have been implicated in several Central nervous system diseases, containing neurodevelopmental disorders of Cognition where interruption in learning and memory are the primary clinical Abnormality. Cognition generally refers to the mental processes comprising the gain of knowledge and the ability to comprehend the same. There are about 86 billion neurons in the human brain, which are from sets of large and small scale Synaptic Networks. These networks form structures that function as networks for learning and cognition.
1. Cognitive Neuroepigenetics
2. Epigenetic code
3. Role of MAPK Signaling in regulating epigenetic changes
4. Epigenetic interventions
Occasionally in genetic studies or in Plant Breeding there is advantage in manipulating no Single Genes but large arrays of Associated Genes. Such arrays may consist of all of the genes in a set of Chromosomes, or on a single chromosome, or on a segment of Chromosome.
1. Crop genetic engineering
2. Plant artificial chromosomes
3. Chromosome mechanics in plant breeding
4. Chromosomal abnormalities in plants
Epigenetics Methylation refers to the addition of a methyl group (CH3) to the base Cytosine (C) using covalently bond in the dinucleotide 5´-CpG-3´. Mostly the CpG Dinucleotides in the human genome are methylated and the Unmethylated CpGs are not distributed randomly, but are usually clumped together in ‘CpG islands, which are in the -region that facilitates transcription of a particular gene.
1. DNA Methyltransferases
2. Molecular cloning
3. DNA methylation marks
4. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs)
Genome Compaction is one the universal feature of Cells which has emerged as a global regulator of Gene Expression. Compaction is maintained by a multiple number of architectural proteins, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and Regulatory DNA.
1. Chromatin print
2. Genetic interaction mapping
3. Functional genomics